DKK-1 (Dickkopf-related protein-1)
DKK-1 is a member of the DKK protein family which also includes DKK-2, DKK-3 and DKK-4. DKK-1 was originally identified as a Xenopus head-forming molecule that behaves as an antagonist for Wnt signaling. Subsequent studies have shown that DKK-1 and DKK-4 play an important regulatory role in the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by forming inhibitory complexes with LDL receptor-related proteins 5 and 6 (LRP5 and LRP6), which are essential components of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling system. LPR5 and LPR6 are single-pass transmembrane proteins that appear to act as co-receptors for Wnt ligands involved in the Wnt/β-catenin signaling cascade. It has been suggested that by inhibiting Wnt/β-catenin signaling, which is essential for posterior patterning in vertebrates, DKK-1 permits anterior development. This notion is supported by the finding that mice deficient of DKK-1 expression lack head formation and die during embryogenesis. Mature human DKK-1 expressed in HEK293 cells is a 35-40 kDa glycoprotein containing 235 amino acid residues.
- Species: Human
- Expression: HEK293 Cell Expressed
- Purity: ≥97%
- Endotoxin: <1.0 EU/μg
- Molecular Mass: 25.8 kDa
- Formulation: 1x PBS, pH 7.4
- Country of Origin: USA
This was determined by SDS-PAGE gel and HPLC analysis.
Determined by its ability to inhibit the proliferation of HCT116 colorectal carcinoma cells. Approximately 40% growth inhibition was achieved at a DKK-1 concentration of 200ng/ml.
Centrifuge the vial prior to opening. Reconstitute in water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/ml. Do not vortex.
For extended storage, it is recommended to further dilute in a buffer containing a carrier protein (example 0.1% HSA) and store in working aliquots at -20°C to -80°C.